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Oil Crops
Cultivation and production of sorghum
Publisher: ARC IE PDF Publication
Author:
Bulletin No.: 667/2001
 


 
Introduction

Sorghum grain crops important summer after rice, maize, Arab Republic of Egypt is considered the primary productivity of sorghum in the unity of space on all producing countries in the world, and most cultivation is concentrated in Upper Egypt, where large areas are grown in each year up to 400 thousand acres. Iturkzhawwali and 80% of this area, Assiut governorates of Fayoum, Sohag, and the area cultivated with maize high 376 thousand feddans in 2000 with an average productivity of 17.5 ardebs / acre and total production 6.6 million ardebs. The importance of sorghum as a pill for being the food crop for humans, especially in rural communities, and newly contribute mainly in the manufacture of animal feed and poultry, and is now supplying grain white of the Ministry of Supply for the production of bread, my good specifications by mixing flour, sorghum by 20% with wheat flour, which helps to reduce the import wheat from abroad and accurate, as well as the use of certain types of grain sorghum red color in the beer industry and extract tinctures. And use of green plants after harvest of jellyfish of the items and a short leg camel dual-purpose animal feed, while the long legs of items are used in the fuel and building fences and windbreaks. The current trend is to expand the cultivation of varieties and hybrids short leg dual-purpose (grain and green fodder) high production and which bear the difficult conditions such as drought, heat and poor soil fertility and increase the salinity. And Research Department is pleased to sorghum Agricultural Research Center in collaboration with agricultural extension to submit to the growers of sorghum this leaflet extension, which includes all the technical recommendations and follow them to get higher farm production and yield of this crop, God willing.

New varieties and hybrids

Been developed three varieties and three hybrids by the program sorghum Agricultural Research Center was registered and approved to expand the cultivated on a commercial scale, namely:

 
First: The varieties and hybrids short-and medium-length:
1 - Rate Dorado
Class short leg has a height of 130-150 cm - dual purpose (grain and fodder) - has good resistance to lodging and diseases of smut crawl, vertical and rot the stem and white Zoghbi and leaf spot - jellyfish medium-sized enterprises - cylindrical - Semi integrated - grain white medium-sized Guenaba Yellow Red. - thousand grain weight (25-30 gm) - flowers after 70-75 days and mature after 110 days of cultivation.
2 - Hybrid Shandaweel -1:
Hybrid medium height - a height of 150-160 cm - dual purpose (fodder and grain) - has good resistance to lodging and diseases of smut crawl and vertical and rot the stem and white Zoghbi and Tbakat securities - jellyfish medium-sized cylindrical half integrated - grain white medium-sized Guenaba reddish Non-disintegration after maturity - thousand grain weight (25-30 gm) - flowers after 70-75 days of planting - mature after 110 days of cultivation.
3 - Hybrid Shandaweel 2:
Hybrid medium height - a height of 160-180 cm - dual purpose (fodder and grain) - has good resistance to lodging and diseases of smut crawl and vertical and rot leg and white Zoghbi and leaf spot - jellyfish medium-sized cylindrical bulk species - grain white medium Size of Guenaba red color - Weight Alolvhabp (30-40 gm) - flowers after 70-75 days of planting - matures after 110 days of cultivation.
Agricultural cycle

Sorghum grown for grain after the grassy crops such as winter wheat, barley or legumes such as beans, lentils, lupine and clover.

Sowing date

Is considered the most appropriate time for a cultivation: During the month of May the provinces of Fayoum, Qena, Aswan, the New Valley. During the month of June the provinces of Giza, Beni Suef, Assiut, Sohag. Taking into account the promise of the District, it is necessary cultivation of sorghum in the assemblies so as to avoid damage caused by birds.

Seed rate

Needs acre of 10-12 kg of seed open-pollinated varieties and quantity vary according to grain size and degree of service and the way the earth while agriculture needs acre of 6-7 kg when the camels have grown. It is essential that seed treatment before planting a fungal disinfectants recommended in order to give seedlings a strong crop is given as well as high resistance to smut.

Preparation of land for cultivation

After the evacuation of the land of winter crops, especially grassy manure is added at a rate 20-30 m 3 per acre, and then plow the land twice and added Mtaamd phosphate fertilizer rate of 100-150 kg single super phosphate (15.5%). - crawl the land and is planning a rate of 12 lines in Algosptin then divided into individual Algueni and then wipe Alapton exchange lines and connecting Alihuoel Alhawwal that encompasses the 10-12 line to tighten irrigation.

Weed control

Under sorghum during the growing period to attack the many weeds that affect growth and hence on the crop, as well advised to resist the use of either herbicides or Baziq manual are as follows:

 
Hoeing
Are hand-hoeing sorghum twice during the season: a - initial Aezzqp: (Scribble) after 18 days of Agriculture before Hiroshima Mahayap to fill cracks and wiring lines and remove the weeds. B - the second Aezzqp: (MAPS) before Rip the second after about two weeks of the initial and which is Altrdim around the plants so that in the middle of the line completely. - And in land infested grass Yearbook broad-leaved and grassy weeds Ptkulaia advised before flowering and seed formation to be collected and burned and buried in a deep hole and not offered as food for livestock or the use of herbicides appropriate and as recommended by the Ministry of Agriculture. Is eased plants unfair after the completion of Aezzqp initial at once (after about 3 weeks) from agriculture and before Hiroshima Mahayap directly on to leave the strongest TWO Paljorp and in the absence of some of the inequities left three plants in the right adjacent to compensate for the number of plants and taken into account during the sock remove plants infected and vulnerable. And advised not to delay in the conduct of the socks and shoes as well as the lack of frequent as that would lead to Srolp plants (height and increase their vulnerability) and to make a sock in this case lead to the uprooting of whole plants Jura. Add fertilizer at a rate of municipal old decaying 30:20 m 3 per acre following the evacuation of the land of winter crops, particularly grassy, before plowing into account that the regular distribution of fertilizers in all parts of the right. Added phosphate fertilizer prose when preparing land for cultivation by plowing or Sersbp in the soles of the following lines at the rates: (100-150) kg per acre of calcium phosphate Smadswobr unilateral (15.5%). 50 kg of fertilizer per acre superphosphate calcium status (37%). The sandy soil and the newly reclaimed need to add the high rates of single superphosphate calcium about 200 kg per acre.

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